Nadine Hutchins, DDS

Fluoride Toothpaste and Young Children

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recommends the use of fluoride containing toothpaste for children with teeth. Using fluoridated toothpaste is very important because some people do not have fluoridated water or do not drink tap water. Children younger than two should only have a smear of toothpaste while children ages 2 -5 should receive a pea-sized amount. Brushing with fluoridated toothpaste and using floss regularly are the most effective habits to reduce cavities. For more information contact Dr. Hutchins at 970-242-7373 or

Baking Soda Toothpaste

The safety of baking soda toothpastes has been well studied. They are low in abrasiveness, do not contribute to tooth sensitivity, and are safe to use by patients on a low salt diet. Baking soda toothpastes have stain-reducing and whitening properties which can motivate patients to brush. Baking soda can neutralize the acids that contribute to cavities. Unless a patient needs a desensitizing toothpaste or a high fluoride content toothpaste, a toothpaste containing baking soda and fluoride is a wise choice. For more information call Dr. Nadine Hutchins at 970-242-7373 or

Oral Cancer is Not Common

If you have a sore in your mouth that does not go away in 3 weeks, or a red/white patch, or a lump you should get it checked. There are risk factors for oral cancer. Tobacco, alcohol, tobacco and alcohol in combination, and human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV is sexually transmitted and it is recommended that girls and boys between the ages of 11 and 12 get the vaccine, regardless of whether or not they are sexually  active. Although oral cancer is not common, picking up on something unusual in your mouth and having a biopsy, if necessary, are important ways you can catch cancer early, which can double the 5-year survival rate. If you have any questions please call Dr. Nadine Hutchins 970-242-7373.

Picking Out Power Toothbrushes

As with other dental products, look for the American Dental Association (ADA) seal of acceptance. Oral B powered toothbrushes have earned the ADA seal. There are 5 different models to choose from. To see the complete list of ADA Seal accepted over the counter products, visit, ADA’s consumer website, is another resource available to patients for evidence-based information about dental care products. For a more personalized evaluation of your dental products needs please call Dr. Nadine Hutchins at 970-242-7373.

Dental Calculus DNA Analysis of Neanderthals Reveals Behavior, Diet and Disease

Two Neanderthals found in a cave in Belgium indicated that their diet included wooly rhinoceros and wild sheep characteristic of a steppe environment. Cave-dwelling Neanderthals in Spain indicated a diet of mushrooms, pine nuts, and moss that was typical of a forest environment. One Neanderthal, who had a dental abscess, consumed a plant that is known to contain salicylic acid, which is an active ingredient in aspirin. The calculus of this Neanderthal also contained genetic sequences of the natural antibiotic producing Penicillium from herbaceous material. These Neanderthals are smarter than we thought!

Why are baby teeth important?

Baby teeth help a child speak and chew. They direct boney growth for the shape of the face and make room for the adult teeth. Tooth decay can begin when a child is put to bed with a bottle filled with milk, juice or soda. Even watered down juice or milk can do damage if a child is frequently sipping from a bottle or sippy cup. If a baby is eating solid foods, she may have a bottle of water at fussy times.

Why does a cracked tooth hurt?

Sometimes, a crack in the enamel travels through to the nerve in the center of the tooth. This type of cracked tooth may hurt when you bite down or when you stop biting. The crack may be to small to see, but when it opens, the pulp inside the tooth may become irritated. The pulp is soft tissue inside the center of the tooth that contains the nerves and blood vessels. If the crack extends into the pulp, the tooth may become sensitive to extreme heat and cold. A root canal treatment may be needed in addition to a crown to save the tooth. For more information about taking care of your mouth and teeth, visit or call Dr. Hutchins at 1-970-242-7373.

Dental Fears

Are you afraid of the dentist? Please let the staff know. Tell the receptionist, the assistant, the hygienist, and especially the dentist. We can help you take care of your teeth and deal effectively with your fears.  Find music you like and headphones to bring to the office. Practice breathing techniques. Breathe in for a count of 5, hold, breathe out for a count of 5 and repeat 5 times. Your heart rate should decrease and you will feel calmer. Visualize a place that feels peaceful to you and keep returning to it when your mind wanders. If you like to know exactly what is happening and when, tell the staff. If you prefer to close your eyes and go to your quiet peaceful place, tell the staff.  Keep the dental team aware of how you are doing, so each visit keeps you coming back for check-ups instead of emergencies.  Call Dr. Hutchins with any questions 970-242-7373.

What is the bite force of humans vs. other animals?

Human bite force is meager compared to most animals. Men can use 127 pounds of bite force and women can use 81 pounds of bite force. A Rottweiler can exert 328 pounds of bite force.  Hyena and alligator snapping turtles exert 1000 pounds of force, while crocodiles top out at 2500 pounds of force. Fire and cooking have been good discoveries for the human race! Dentures reduce a persons chewing efficiency by 90%! Keep your teeth! Any questions about teeth call Dr. Hutchins at 970-242-7373.

Does marijuana cause gum disease?

Frequent chronic marijuana use may result in bone loss and gum enlargement. Smoking has been identified as a risk factor in periodontal disease (inflammation and bone loss in the mouth) due to compromising both the immune response and the tissue’s healing ability.  Quitting marijuana use and regular dental visits can restore the mouth to health. For more information please call Dr. Hutchins for an appointment 970-242-7373.

National Childrens’ Dental Health Month

February is National Children’s Dental Health Month. Our office celebrates by going to local elementary schools and giving mini lectures about how to take good care of your teeth. We all have a lot of fun and a lot of good information is given.  We believe in community service and are happy to take time out our busy schedules to provide this service. If you have any questions call 970-242-7373.

Dental Sealants

Sealants are one of the most effective ways to prevent tooth decay. As soon as adult molars emerge from the gums is the best time to apply sealants. Sealants are applied with no numbing necessary.  The thin coating on the biting surface keeps food and bacteria out of the pits and grooves of the tooth.  Protecting the molars early is important because the tooth has not had time to develop a fluoride rich enamel from the drinking water and toothpaste.  Brushing twice a day and flossing, going to the dentist for regular check-ups, and reducing the amount of sugar consumed in addition to sealants will help prevent cavities. Call Dr. Nadine Hutchins at 970-242-7373 to get an appointment.

Is Flossing Important?

Cleaning between teeth with floss and the use of other tools such as interdental brushes is an important oral hygiene practice and, along with professional cleanings and tooth brushing, has been known to disrupt and remove plaque, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services said in a statement August 3, 2016.

When the American Dental Association News asked why the 2015 federal dietary guidelines did not include flossing as they had in the past the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services said the primary emphasis was the nutrition-based recommendation to reduce added sugars.

The Associated Press noted the omission of flossing in an August news story that questioned the benefits of using dental floss.

The Health and Human Services statement said that by not including brushing and flossing they were not implying that this is not an important oral hygiene practice. Please contact Dr. Nadine Hutchins at 970-242-7373 if you have any questions.

How Do I Stop Getting Cavities?

Reducing the amount of sugar in your diet means the bacteria in your mouth have less food, produce less acid, destroy less tooth structure.  Sugary drinks consumed over the course of the morning , like sweetened coffee, do the most damage because the saliva never has a chance to wash away the acid on the teeth before another sip is taken and more acid gets produced. Soda pop usually has acid already present in the formula and high acid content sodas like Mountain Dew are particularly destructive.  Juice contains a lot of sugar and orange juice has a high acid content. Sour candy, sticky candies, cough drops all should virtually be eliminated from the diet.

Brushing the teeth twice a day for two minutes and daily flossing reduce the number of bacteria present in the mouth by disrupting the highly organized matrix they live in.

Visiting the dentist twice a year can catch problems early before they become expensive and/or painful. Call Dr. Nadine Hutchins at 970-242-7373.

Does whitening or bleaching teeth hurt ?

Whitening or bleaching teeth can hurt for a variety of reasons.  Teeth should always be evaluated by the dentist for cavities, exposed root surfaces, or erosion.  An exam will include x-rays or radiographs to check for cavities in between teeth. Once cavities are filled and any erosion problems are addressed (acid-reflux, bulimia, lemon sucking) an evaluation for whitening can begin.  If a patient has sensitivity to hot or cold but no cavities toothpaste with potassium nitrate can help.  The dentist can also fabricate desensitizing trays for the patient to put the toothpaste in and wear for half an hour prior to whitening.  The procedure for whitening at our office uses a combination of in office treatments, at home treatments, and maintenance treatments. Some patients exhibit no sensitivity to whitening while others will be unusually sensitive. Less frequent whitening and less percentage of active ingredient can alleviate sensitivity.  Whitening does not effect the hardness or thickness of the enamel. It is important to understand that tooth-color fillings, porcelain veneers or porcelain crowns will not whiten like natural teeth, and may need to be replaced after whitening if the color discrepancy is noticeable. There are several different options available with the Kor Whitening Menu. Most patients take home a 16% carbamide peroxide with their tray and have an in office treatment with 34% Hypremide peroxide. A sensitive patient will take home a 16% carbamide peroxide with their trays and have a 13% Hypremide in office treatment.  At home nighttime at-home-only whitening system uses 16%extended-release carbamide peroxide.  An at-home whitening system for daytime uses 9% rapid, aggressive-release hydrogen peroxide for one hour per day. Kor Whitening System is very effective due to 15+ years of whitening gel research, development and clinical testing. Whitening gels are unstable chemicals – they are supposed to be. This is why, once place in the mouth, they are able to so quickly liberate the bleaching factors that whiten teeth. When not refrigerated, even at normal room temperatures, whitening gels immediately start to degrade after their manufacture.  All Kor whitening gels are refrigerated immediately after manufacture by the factory and shipped to dental practices in thermally insulated containers with cold packs. Dentists keep the whitening gels refrigerated and patients are instructed to keep the gel refrigerated. Kor desensitizer is a HEMA based desensitizer with sodium fluoride and benzalkonium chloride. As a HEMA based desensitizer this product uses benzalkonium chloride as an anti-microbial. Kor desensitizer also uses sodium fluoride for its recognized ability to enhance desensitizing, its anti-caries affects , and its proven effects on increasing microhardness of teeth during and after whitening. Kor Desensitizer’s method of action is based on it’s ability to bind with proteins within dentinal tubular fluid , instantly creating plugs within the dentinal tubule. The above physical properties make Kor Desensitizer an ideal desensitizer to use on the surface of teeth even at the gingival margin where desensitizer will contact the soft tissue, both in the dental practice and at-home application by the patient. Desensitizing trays cover 1mm of gingival tissue with straight margins. Bleaching trays have a reservoir for the bleaching gel on the facials of the teeth and forms a great seal at the gum line so no fluid from the mouth can dilute the gel. Teeth can be effectively whitened without causing pain. For any questions call Dr. Nadine Hutchins at 970-242-7373.